Forum Kajian Pembangunan
Supported by ANU Indonesia Project, Forum Kajian Pembangunan (FKP), established since 2010, is a platform for researchers to gather and discuss about various topics. Through this forum, WRI Indonesia's and non-WRI researchers will present their research findings to collect constructive input from participants.
Title : Poverty alleviation can be an effective conservation strategy Presenter : Rhita Simorangkir, CERGE-EI
Two of the great global challenges of the 21st century are to reduce poverty and slow tropical deforestation. Solutions to these challenges are often framed as conflicting with each other. We evaluated Indonesia’s anti-poverty Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH), and asked whether the program also reduced deforestation as a side benefit. In its first five years, the PKH transferred cash to poor households in nearly 7500 forested villages. Although these cash transfers had no link to forest management, we estimate that exposure to the PKH reduced village-level annual tree cover loss by 28%. The economic value of the associated reduction in carbon emissions could cover the implementation costs of the PKH, even without including the other ecosystem services associated with reducing deforestation.
Title : Cost and supply curves for peat conservation and restoration in Indonesia Presenter : Rona Yurismono and Sonny Mumbunan, WRI Indonesia
Tropical peatlands are globally significant ecosystems whose degradation creates critical consequences for instance from peat emissions. Peatland conservation and restoration measures imply different degree of costs and outcomes, insights which remain missing in the literature. To understand this, we develop a novel participatory approach from the bottom-up to construct marginal cost and supply curves for policies to restore and protect peatlands. We report preliminary results for peatlands in Indonesia, which during dramatic events of peat fires repeatedly proved to have substantially contributed to global carbon emissions. These curves are derived for three emission sources, that is burnt biomass, peat decomposition and peat fires, and sub-nationally scaled to account for differences in input prices and interventions for peatland conservation and restoration.
FKP is free and open to the public. No certificate is given for attendance.