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Postingan Blog: pembangunan rendah karbon

  • Indonesia Memetakan Jalur Pembangunan Baru yang Rendah Karbon. Akankah Negara Lain Mengikuti?

    Indonesia mengalami kemajuan ekonomi yang pesat dalam dua dekade terakhir. Untuk terus meningkatkan pertumbuhan tersebut sambil tetap melindungi kesehatan masyarakat dan lingkungan, Indonesia perlu melalui jalur yang baru. Laporan terbaru Bappenas menunjukkan bahwa pembangunan yang lebih baik dengan karbon yang lebih sedikit dapat membantu Indonesia mencapat pertumbuhan PDB sebesar 6 persen per tahun hingga 2045, sekaligus mengurangi emisi rumah kaca.

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  • Pelajaran dari Indonesia: Menggerakkan Investasi di Energi Panas Bumi

    Developing countries will need about $531 billion of additional investments in clean energy technologies every year in order to limit global temperature rise to 2°C above pre-industrial levels, thus preventing climate change’s worst impacts. To attract investments on the scale required, developing country governments, with support from developed countries, must undertake “readiness” activities that will encourage public and private sector investors to put their money into climate-friendly projects.

    WRI Global’s six-part blog series, Mobilizing Clean Energy Finance, highlights individual developing countries’ experiences in scaling up investments in clean energy and explores the role climate finance plays in addressing investment barriers. The cases draw on WRI’s recent report, Mobilizing Climate Investment.

    The development of Indonesia’s geothermal energy sector—and the starts and stops along the way—provides an interesting case study on how to create readiness for low-carbon energy. By addressing barriers such as pricing distortions and resource-exploration risks, the country has begun to create a favorable climate for geothermal investment.

    The History of Geothermal Power in Indonesia

    Indonesia holds the world’s largest source of geothermal power, with an estimated potential of 27 GW. However, less than 5 percent of this potential has been developed to date. Indonesia began to explore its geothermal resource in the 1970s, with support from a number of developed country governments. The country made some progress in advancing geothermal development by the 1990s. However, development stalled during the Asian financial crisis in 1997-98 and was slow to recover.

    In the early 2000s, a number of barriers limited investment in the sector, including a policy and regulatory framework that favored conventional, coal-fired energy over geothermal. Plus, the high cost and risk associated with geothermal exploration deterred potential investors and made it difficult to access financing from banks.

    The Indonesian government took a number of steps to try to advance geothermal development and received support from a wide range of international partners, including multilateral development banks and developed country governments. In 2003, it passed a law to promote private sector investment in geothermal, establishing a target of 6,000MW installed capacity by 2020.

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  • Studi Baru Menyorot Peluang dan Tantangan bagi Moratorium Hutan Indonesia

    Hari ini WRI menerbitkan kertas kerja yang menyediakan informasi baru mengenai moratorium pada konsesi hutan baru di Indonesia. Analisis kami menyimpulkan bahwa moratorium saja tidak akan berkontribusi terhadap target pengurangan emisi gas rumah kaca sebanyak 26 persen pada tahun 2020. Meskipun demikian, moratorium membantu pencapaian target tersebut dalam jangka panjang dengan “menciptakan jeda” terhadap pola business-as-usual, sehingga menyediakan waktu yang diperlukan untuk melakukan reformasi tata kelola.

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