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Lokakarya Nasional & Peluncuran Metode Evaluasi Kesempatan Restorasi (MEKAR) edisi Bahasa Indonesia

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Sebuah lokakarya yang menghadirkan para pemangku kepentingan restorasi di tingkat nasional maupun daerah (perwakilan pemerintah pusat dan provinsi, Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan, lembaga swadaya masyarakat, lembaga riset dan universitas, pihak swasta, serta media) guna mendiskusikan berbagai komponen MEKAR dan penerapannya dalam konteks Indonesia.

Latar Belakang

Restorasi hutan dan bentang lahan (RENTANG) adalah sebuah proses panjang untuk mengembalikan fungsi ekologi dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan manusia yang berada di hutan dan bentang lahan yang mengalami deforestasi dan degradasi. Dalam upaya mengarusutamakan dan melaksanakan RENTANG, World Resources Institute (WRI) dan International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) bekerja sama menerbitkan suatu pedoman atau kerangka kerja yang fleksibel, terjangkau, dan efisien untuk mengidentifikasi peluang RENTANG dalam skala nasional maupun sub-nasional. Kerangka kerja tersebut dinamakan Metode Evaluasi Kesempatan Restorasi (MEKAR).

MEKAR (edisi Bahasa Inggris) pertama kali diperkenalkan kepada para pemangku kepentingan dan publik dalam sebuah lokakarya bertajuk “Percepatan Aksi Restorasi Hutan dan Bentang Lahan di Indonesia: Tantangan dan Kesempatan untuk Meningkatkan Ketahanan Ekologi dan Penghidupan Masyarakat” tanggal 19-20 April 2016. Dalam lokakarya yang diselenggarakan bersama oleh KLHK, BRG, IUCN, dan WRI Indonesia tersebut, berbagai pihak mendiskusikan beragam komponen MEKAR, yakni analisis geospasial, diagnosis faktor kunci pendukung restorasi, valuasi ekonomi, serta analisis keuangan dan pendanaan restorasi.

Kini, buku pedoman MEKAR telah tersedia dalam Bahasa Indonesia. MEKAR beserta komponennya juga tengah diuji coba di beberapa lanskap di Indonesia. Guna mendapatkan umpan balik yang lebih komprehensif mengenai penerapan MEKAR dalam konteks Indonesia sekaligus memperkenalkan MEKAR lebih jauh kepada pemangku kepentingan teknis RENTANG baik di tingkat pusat maupun daerah, WRI Indonesia dan IUCN memandang perlunya diselenggarakan sebuah lokakarya lanjutan, di mana buku pedoman MEKAR (edisi Bahasa Indonesia) juga akan secara resmi diluncurkan.

Lebih dari itu, lokakarya ini juga akan mendiskusikan langkah pendirian forum multipihak nasional yang digagas oleh WRI Indonesia, IUCN, dan anggota Forum Komunikasi Konservasi Indonesia untuk mensinergikan berbagai usaha dan kegiatan restorasi di Indonesia. Sebagai langkah awal, WRI Indonesia tengah mempersiapkan sebuah platform yang dapat menampung peta serta data potensi dan aktifitas restorasi berbagai pemangku kepentingan. Platform tersebut juga akan mencakup komponen pemantauan, sehingga dapat membantu berbagai pihak memonitor ikrar restorasi berbagai pihak yang telah dicanangkan, termasuk dalam kaitannya dengan Bonn Challenge, yakni sebuah gerakan global untuk merestorasi 150 juta hektar lahan terdeforestasi dan terdegradasi sebelum tahun 2020.

Tujuan

  • Memperkuat dukungan serta mensinergikan upaya RENTANG di Indonesia
  • Memperkaya pengetahuan para pemangku kepentingan akan berbagai komponen MEKAR, terutama dalam hal teknis
  • Mendapatkan umpan balik terkait penerapan MEKAR yang tengah berlangsung, terutama dalam penyesuaian MEKAR ke dalam konteks Indonesia
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Recap

WRI Indonesia and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) organized a national workshop on ROAM on September 29, in which the Indonesian version of the ROAM book was also launched. This publication serves as a practical guide for forest landscape restoration practitioners seeking to develop restoration programmes and landscape-level strategies.

The workshop kicked off with opening remarks from WRI Indonesia’s Country Director Dr. Nirarta Samadhi, and Director of Watershed Management Planning and Evaluation at Ministry of Environment and Forestry Ir. Djati Witjaksono Hadi. Both representatives highlighted the sustainability threats that Indonesia’s forests and people face, as well as the need for an integrated landscape approach to address these problems.

“Indonesia’s forests are being lost and degraded at an alarming rate largely due to logging and the clearing of land for cultivation. In 12 years, the country has lost forest coverage equivalent to the size of 30 Balis. And now, over 50% of these degraded lands are in critical condition,” said Dr. Samadhi.

Many villages are situated within these areas, and the livelihoods and wellbeing of many communities are at risk.

"In Central Kalimantan, over 70% percent of villages depend on resources provided by forests and watersheds," added Dr. Samadhi.

Ms. Li Jia, FLR Coordinator with IUCN Asia, shared with participants the reason for developing the ROAM handbook. “IUCN and WRI felt that a practical guide on applying Forest Landscape Restoration would be of great value to practitioners. The manual was developed based on lessons learnt from FLR activities by IUCN and partners in numerous counties such as Rwanda, Ghana, Mexico and Guatemala.”

The Indonesian version of the ROAM manual was produced under the Accelerating Action on REDD+ through Forest Landscape Restoration (Accelerating Action) project, funded by Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI).

To give participants a better understanding of the ROAM manual, Dr. Satrio Wicaksono from WRI Indonesia introduced the contents of the publication and played a short introductory video.

Besides the ROAM publication launch, other highlights of the workshop included presentations from WRI Indonesia and the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF) on FLR initiatives being implemented by their respective organisations, and case studies on the use of ROAM within an Indonesian context. Activities to date have included the mapping of potential restoration sites and the use of a rapid diagnostics tool to assess the presence/absence of success factors for FLR in two pilot landscapes in Indonesia.

FLR financing and monitoring mechanisms were also in focus at the event with facilitators and participants exploring different economic analytical tools and restoration financing schemes, including the carbon sequestration benefits of forestry projects.

A funding scheme managed by the Forest Development Financing Center of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry that supports community forestry and other forestry development initiatives was also highlighted as a key potential funding source. The scheme has not yet been used to support restoration initiatives, despite the strong demand among FLR practitioners for practical and sustainable financing solutions. This highlights a disconnect between potential restoration funders and FLR practitioners.

WRI Indonesia also highlighted the importance of monitoring, reporting, and verification in restoration and showed the alpha version of the stocktaking and monitoring platform for restoration activities conducted by the Civil Society Organizations (CSOs). This platform is being developed in collaboration with fellow members of the Indonesian Conservation Communication Forum.

News coverage about the event may be found in The Jakarta Globe and Kompas.

Download presentation materials here.

Download the Indonesian version of the ROAM book here.

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