The Reasons for Jakarta’s Frequent Flooding and How Nature-based Solutions (NbS) Can Help Reduce the Riskby , , and -
Apart from inadequate drainage capacity, there are three main factors that are often linked to flooding in Jakarta: extreme rainfall, changes in land cover, and land subsidence. So far, efforts to deal with floods in Jakarta have been carried out through grey infrastructure approach. However, the effectiveness of physical infrastructure will become increasingly limited, especially when affected by the climate crisis. Nature-based Solutions approach is considered capable to overcome these shortcomings while providing multi-benefits.