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Blog Posts: pollution

  • Low Emissions Zone (LEZ): Strategic Steps to Reduce Emissions and Air Pollution in Cities

    Transportation is the biggest source of air pollution for DKI Jakarta (PM2.5, NOx, and CO). Therefore, a strategy is needed to reduce pollution from this sector, without hindering people's mobility. Emission, which is the process of releasing pollutants into the air that causes air pollution in the form of gases and particulates, also needs attention. One of the best-proven ways in many cities around the world to reduce emissions is to implement Low Emission Zone (LEZ) at various points.


  • Red Alert: 3 Strategies for Reducing Toxic Ozone Pollution

    Ozone occurs naturally in the stratosphere which protects people and the planet from harmful ultraviolet rays. Increased levels of ozone formed when pollutants from various sources react with each other and various respiratory problems. Reducing pollution is a complex governance challenge. However, these three approaches can help, namely (1) Better Monitoring of Ozone Levels, (2) Coordinated Strategy, Cross Borders, and (3) Engagement with Civil Society and Citizen Action.


  • Fires Spread Across Indonesia as Parliament Approves Haze Treaty

    Indonesia's parliament recently approved an agreement to reduce haze pollution from land and forest fires.

    Ratification of the law—originally signed 12 years ago—comes not a moment too soon: Fires are currently flaring across southern Sumatra and West and Central Kalimantan, jeopardizing Indonesia’s forests and the communities and wildlife that call these regions home.


  • New Jakarta Declaration Aims to Strengthen Rights to Environmental Information in Asia

    Increased industrialization in Asia has created countless hurdles for communities to protect themselves from pollution. Important government information—such as the amount of pollutants being discharged by nearby factories or results from local air and water quality monitoring—still isn’t readily accessible in user-friendly formats. This practice often leaves the public entirely out of decision-making processes on issues like regulating pollution or expanding industrial factories. In many cases, the public lack the information they need to understand and shield themselves from harmful environmental, social, and health impacts.

    This state of affairs recently prompted a group of government officials, NGOs, local community representatives, and academics to demand government action to change the status quo. Last week, representatives from China, Indonesia, Japan, Mongolia, the Philippines, and Thailand released the Jakarta Declaration for Strengthening the Right to Environmental Information for People and the Environment. The Declaration urges governments to improve access to information on air and water quality pollution in Asia—and offers a detailed road map on how to do so.

    The Declaration stemmed from a meeting organized by WRI’s the Access Initiative and the Indonesian Center for Environmental Law, held last week in Jakarta. Representatives will now bring the list of findings and recommendations to government officials in their home countries and ask for commitments on increasing transparency.


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