As an archipelago of more than 17,000 islands, Indonesia is blessed with fertile soil and rich mega-biodiversity; two aspects that support robust production of local foods and in turn contribute to food security. Indonesia has 77 types of carbohydrate-resource food plants, 389 types of fruits, 77 types of protein-resources, and 228 types of vegetables. Instead, Indonesia relies only on rice and wheat as sources of carbohydrates. This is one of the factors that has led our food system to transition away from local food and toward national dietary convergence, a concept where people tend to consume homogenous foods, despite the availability of other local foods. Consequently, research shows that a lack of dietary diversity influences national food security.This tendency has had implications for the government’s food policy decisions. For example, the national government imported 41,000 tons of rice in July 2021.