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Bagaimana Teknologi Identifikasi Kayu dapat Membantu Memastikan Legalitas Kayu di Indonesia

Kertas kerja ini menjelaskan alasan mengapa aktivitas penebangan liar masih marak terjadi di Indonesia meskipun telah banyak upaya yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah. Laporan ini memberikan rekomendasi untuk menghadapi pelaporan informasi kayu yang keliru. Laporan ini ditujukan untuk memberikan masukan untuk pemerintah agar dapat memperkuat peran Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu (SVLK) dalam memastikan legalitas kayu dan mendorong penegakkan hukum dengan mengaplikasikan teknologi berbasis sains sebagai bukti hukum dalam kasus penebangan liar.

Key Findings

Ringkasan Utama

Publikasi ini untuk sementara hanya tersedia dalam Bahasa Inggris.

  • In 2009, Indonesia established the Timber Legality Assurance System (Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu; SVLK). However, records of misdeclarations of species and origin indicate that illegal logging and the illegal timber trade persist.
  • In Indonesia, forest areas are divided into two categories: state forests and nonstate forests. Each category has a different way of reporting in the SVLK. For this paper, we collected information about SVLK implementation in the field from various nongovernmental organization (NGO) reports (state forests) and from field work (nonstate forests).
  • This paper explores the potential of wood identification (ID) technologies in generating information about timber species and origin through literature review and correspondence with experts who have experience applying the technologies in illegal logging cases. The ability of these technologies to generate species and origin information is essential in proving the legality of traded timber.
  • Our assessment found that Indonesia has a moderately decent capacity for applying wood ID technologies in term of experts and infrastructure. Investing in the development of a wood reference database and laboratory equipment, as well as a legal framework to integrate these technologies into SVLK regulations, would enable the technologies to improve Indonesia’s effort to prevent illegal logging and illegal timber trading.

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