FKP: From Ocean Acidification to Mangrove Degradation
Forum Kajian Pembangunan (FKP) is free and open to the public. No certificate is given for attendance.
1) Science to Stakeholders: Towards the Sustainable Development Goal to Minimize and Address the Impacts of Ocean Acidification in Indonesia
Intan Suci Nurhati (Research Center for Oceanography, Indonesia Institute of Sciences/LIPI)
Abstract: Increased greenhouse CO2 concentration in the atmosphere causes multifaceted changes to our planet including warmer and more acidic oceans. Ocean acidification is projected to have negative impacts on marine organisms such as those with calcium carbonate skeleton (e.g., coral reefs) and high economic values (e.g., pearl oysters). However, the lack of ocean acidification monitoring in Indonesia has made the conversation of impacts somewhat speculative at both scientific and policymaking levels. This is despite the importance of ocean acidification as a slow onset change threatening the Coral Triangle region. In 2018, LIPI set up the first station monitoring stations to study the impacts of ocean acidification on coral reefs ecosystem in Indonesia. Real-time water quality loggers in five locations relay data, which is presented at this seminar.
2) Integrated Coastal Management for Successful Mangrove Restoration and Conservation
Arif Supam Wijaya (WRI Indonesia)
Abstract: The fastest rate of mangrove ecosystem degradation in the world is recorded in Indonesia, where the primary drivers include aquaculture and agriculture. In response, the Government of Indonesia has set up some protected and conservation areas to reduce further degradation of mangrove ecosystem. However, coastal mangrove management within protected areas (PAs) is not without challenges. Designated marine protected areas (MPAs) across Indonesia succeeded in avoiding the loss of 14,000 hectares of mangrove habitat as well avoiding blue carbon emissions of approximately 13 million metric tons (CO2 equivalent) between 2000 and 2010, yet there is no evidence that other less specific forms of species protection reduced the loss of mangroves suggesting that site-specific studies and interventions for mangrove conservation in PAs are needed. The seminar will discuss opportunities and challenges of mangrove management in the Sembilang National Park in South Sumatera, where aquaculture expansion has been identified as the primary challenge.