Report on the “Trends in Marine Resources and Fisheries Management in Indonesia”
Trends of Indonesia’s marine resources and fisheries management convey opportunities and threats to the health of the ocean and the economic vitality, which may largely influence Indonesia’s fisheries sector and welfare of the communities.
The report seeks to aggregate the best available data and provide analysis on the marine fisheries statistics, trends in politics, and government policy in the aim to provide evidence for decision making. The report also seeks to instigate collaboration across partners in the marine resources and fisheries management as well as continue to track changes of such management.
Indonesia has one of the highest levels of marine biodiversity in the world and is the second largest fish producer in the world. At the same time, the country is also one of the top 10 fish-dependent nations in the world, with fish consumption reaching 46.49 kg per year per capita (BPS, 2017). In 2015, wild capture fisheries and aquaculture produced 5.9 and 4.4 million tons of seafood respectively. While wild capture production has grown about 16 percent in the last decade, the rate of aquaculture growth in Indonesia quadrupled from 2000 to 2015. Shrimp aquaculture production value exceeded USD 3 billion in 2013, the highest of any species. These trends suggest that aquaculture would overcome the wild capture production both in amount and value, but the question remains: have the seafood been produced in a sustainable way and can the country sustain its production?
To ensure the sustainability of its marine resources, including fisheries, Indonesia is committed to conserving its ocean by establishing 20 million hectares of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) by 2020 and now has succeeded to assign 19.14 million hectares of MPAs. While the country is on track to reach the target in area coverage, the real success of MPAs lie on the management and sustainability to finance its implementation.
Given the importance of production and conservation of marine resources, the report on the “Trends in Marine Resources and Fisheries Management in Indonesia” will provide data and evidence needed to support policymakers, CSO, private sectors, and other stakeholders on decision-making process to improve the management of Indonesia’s marine resources and fisheries sector.
Three steps are taken to develop the Report on the “Trends of Marine Resources and Fisheries Management in Indonesia”:
- Collaborate with key stakeholders in Indonesia to compile data and evidence
- Analyze gaps in policy to facilitate evidence-based decision making, not only for policymakers but also for the private sectors, civil society organizations, and community-at-large
- Build an interactive platform to serve as a hub for stakeholders seeking to understand the trends in marine resources and fisheries
This report is supported by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, and will be developed through a series of consultation with stakeholders and experts.