Indonesia is a hotbed for climate action: the country is not only one of the world’s top emitters, but it also one with the highest risk of adverse impacts of climate change. Both mitigation and adaptation efforts are crucial in ensuring that Indonesia can continue flourish as the biggest economy and democracy in Southeast Asia.

Having submitted a post-2020 climate commitment to UNFCCC in 2015, Indonesia is bound to establish a strong national and subnational systems to ensure its implementation. In order to achieve emissions reduction of 29-41 percent against business-as-usual scenario by 2030 as described in its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), Indonesia needs to start prioritizing its domestic policies accordingly.

Through OCN Indonesia Climate Policy Options, WRI Indonesia seeks to explore different policy options for Indonesia to meet and/or beat its INDC while taking into account its development priorities. In particular, this work focuses on emissions reduction potential presented by implementation of policies in land-based and energy-based sectors, which make up almost 90 percent of Indonesia’s national emission.