Indonesia is committed to cut the greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 to 29% independently, and up to 38% with international cooperation and support under the 2015 Paris Agreement. Additionally, in 2014 the government revitalized its National Energy Policy that established a target to not only achieve a near-100 percent electrification by 2020 from the current rate of 96%, but also to achieve its renewable energy share in the national energy mix to 23% by 2025.
Despite having an ambitious renewable energy goal equipped with abundant potential renewable energy sources such as hydropower, geothermal, biogas & biomass, solar power and even ocean, electrification project is still mainly driven by coal power plant.The disparity of energy access and quality are also prominent especially between Indonesia’s main islands in the western part versus the rural eastern islands; and where some major islands with high gross domestic product (GDP) such as Java, Bali and Sumatera are oversupplied, the rural areas are deprived of this basic electrification needs. In addition, the lack of transparency and availability of good quality data to ensure robust planning and monitoring are even greater challenges to overcome. This condition may impede project development and potentially misled energy investment decisions.Thus, Indonesia urgently needs to reform its energy policy and implementation to achieve the renewable energy target by 2025.
What we do
WRI Indonesia accelerates the transition to a clean energy future through innovative solutions in clean energy governance and market mechanism that is transparent, inclusive, and fair. We bring together stakeholders from national and sub-national government, business sector, and civil society to achieve our shared goals. Our studies and projects focus on spurring cleaner energy markets through public-private partnerships, recommending policy inputs in the energy governance, improving data reliability, and mobilizing investment. The studies include:
- Mini-grid bamboo gasification feasibility-study: WRI undertook a survey to ascertain the baseline situation across Sigi district, Central Sulawesi and a feasibility study of bamboo gasification power plant to fill the electricity gap. The result shows significant and long-term potential benefits in financial and economy, social, and environment by collaboratively involving local community, private sector and government to manage the supply-chain.
- Energy access market indicators: Inspired by the established Energy Access Market Map platform by WRI in India and Tanzania, WRI Indonesia undertook a preliminary study to put Indonesia context into the approach. The study, conducted in East Nusa Tenggara, aimed to provide preliminary information that can assist investment-related decision-making on renewable electrification projects.
- Renewable Energy Sector Governance Assessment: WRI Indonesia has also conducted a study on renewable energy governance where we discussed the underlying problems in RE sector governance related to Indonesia’s law framework
Our projects include:
Sustainable Energy One Map is a tool that would allow access to various data and analysis relevant to renewable energy development
Formulating a city-wide adaptation actions and frameworks that reduce the vulnerability and enhance the resilience of the community in Semarang from flood and landslides.
A public-private partnership initiative that is co-led by Allotrope Partners, the World Resources Institute (WRI), and the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to drive deployment of renewable energy for large consumers in key markets